Monday, December 8, 2008

Hanukkah

These long candle light nights of Hanukkah are opportunities to retell ancient stories of miracles witnessed and victories won. They are also ideal for reflection upon particular prophesies of Mashiach. His brief prophetic discourse recorded in two of our besorot intentionally describe the Maccabean story. Answering the question, “What is the sign of Your coming, and of the end of this world?” He said:
When you see the Desolating Abomination (שקוץ משמם) spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), those who are in Judea need to run to the mountains. Whoever is on the housetop must not go down to get things out of his house. Whoever’s in the field can’t turn back to get his coat. Oy to those who are pregnant and nursing infants in those days! Pray that your escape won’t be in the winter, or on Shabbat, if this is the case there will be a great suffering, like there has not been since the beginning of the world until now or in the future. Mt. 24:15-21
In this passage we find a scribal note encouraging the reader’s close attention. These events which our Teacher explained as things yet to come had long since come to pass even in his own day. As the Maccabean books record, the Desolating Abomination was set up in the Beit Hamikdash nearly 150years before Mashiach’s birth. Yeshua therefore describes the end like the beginning. Below I have included the specific portion of the story which he is drawing from. Notice that the story takes place during the winter, speaks of women with their infants, and a flight to the hills culminating in a great massacre which took place on Shabbat so long ago.

…The king wrote to his whole kingdom that all should be one people, and that each should give up his customs. All the Gentiles accepted the command of the king. Many even from Israel gladly adopted his religion; they sacrificed to idols and profaned the Shabbat. And the king sent letters by messengers to Jerusalem and the cities of Judah; he directed them to follow customs strange to the land, to forbid burnt offerings and sacrifices and drink offerings in the sanctuary, to profane Sabbaths and feasts, to defile the sanctuary and the priests, to build altars and sacred precincts and shrines for idols, to sacrifice swine and unclean animals, and to leave their sons uncircumcised. They were to make themselves abominable by everything unclean and profane, so that they should forget the law and change all the ordinances. "And whoever does not obey the command of the king shall die." In such words he wrote to his whole kingdom. And he appointed inspectors over all the people and commanded the cities of Judah to offer sacrifice, city by city. Many of the people, every one who forsook the law, joined them, and they did evil in the land; they drove Israel into hiding in every place of refuge they had. Now on the fifteenth day of Kislev, in the one hundred and forty-fifth year, they erected a desolating sacrilege upon the altar of burnt offering. They also built altars in the surrounding cities of Judah, and burned incense at the doors of the houses and in the streets. The books of the law which they found they tore to pieces and burned with fire. Where the book of the covenant was found in the possession of any one, or if any one adhered to the law, the decree of the king condemned him to death. They kept using violence against Israel, against those found month after month in the cities. And on the twenty-fifth day of the month they offered sacrifice on the altar which was upon the altar of burnt offering. According to the decree, they put to death the women who had their children circumcised, and their families and those who circumcised them; and they hung the infants from their mothers' necks. But many in Israel stood firm and were resolved in their hearts not to eat unclean food. They chose to die rather than to be defiled by food or to profane the holy covenant; and they did die. And very great wrath came upon Israel. In those days Mattatiyahu the son of John, son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Yoariv, moved from Jerusalem and settled in Modein. He had five sons, John surnamed Gaddi, Simon called Thassi, Yehudah called Maccabee, Eleazar called Avaran, and Jonathan called Apphus. He saw the blasphemies being committed in Judah and Jerusalem, and said, "Alas! Why was I born to see this…? Then the king's officers who were enforcing the apostasy came to the city of Modein to make them offer sacrifice. Many from Israel came to them; and Mattatiyahu and his sons were assembled. Then the king's officers spoke to Mattatiyahu as follows: "You are a leader, honored and great in this city, and supported by sons and brothers. Now be the first to come and do what the king commands, as all the Gentiles and the men of Judah and those that are left in Jerusalem have done. Then you and your sons will be numbered among the friends of the king, and you and your sons will be honored with silver and gold and many gifts." But Mattatiyahu answered and said in a loud voice: "Even if all the nations that live under the rule of the king obey him, and have chosen to do his commandments, departing each one from the religion of his fathers, yet I and my sons and my brothers will live by the covenant of our fathers. Far be it from us to desert the law and the ordinances. We will not obey the king's words by turning aside from our religion to the right hand or to the left." When he had finished speaking these words, a Jew came forward in the sight of all to offer sacrifice upon the altar in Modein, according to the king's command. When Mattatiyahu saw it, be burned with zeal and his heart was stirred. He gave vent to righteous anger; he ran and killed him upon the altar. At the same time he killed the king's officer who was forcing them to sacrifice, and he tore down the altar. Thus he burned with zeal for the law, as Phinehas did against Zimri the son of Salu. Then Mattatiyahu cried out in the city with a loud voice, saying: "Let every one who is zealous for the law and supports the covenant come out with me!" And he and his sons fled to the hills and left all that they had in the city. Then many who were seeking righteousness and justice went down to the wilderness to dwell there, they, their sons, their wives, and their cattle, because evils pressed heavily upon them. And it was reported to the king's officers, and to the troops in Jerusalem the city of David, that men who had rejected the king's command had gone down to the hiding places in the wilderness. Many pursued them, and overtook them; they encamped opposite them and prepared for battle against them on the day of Shabbat. And they said to them, "Enough of this! Come out and do what the king commands, and you will live." But they said, "We will not come out, nor will we do what the king commands and so profane the Shabbat day." Then the enemy hastened to attack them. But they did not answer them or hurl a stone at them or block up their hiding places, for they said, "Let us all die in our innocence; heaven and earth testify for us that you are killing us unjustly." So they attacked them on the Shabbat, and they died, with their wives and children and cattle, to the number of a thousand persons.

5 comments:

Rob P said...

Great article. Keep em coming :)

Pastor Steven said...

Is Hanukkah the celebration spoke of in 2 Maccabees 10:1-9?

Peace,

Steven

Tim Layne said...

Hi Pastor Steven. Yes, 2 Maccabees 10:1-9 is speaking of Hanukkah. The word means "dedication" and speaks of this re-dedication of the temple (Beit HaMikdash). I see from your blog that we share some interests; one of them being a return to more "orthodox" forms. Keep in touch.

Pastor Steven said...

Thanks Tim, I thought that had to be what is celebrated on Hanukkah. The re-dedication of the temple. I'm just beginning to understand more of the Jewish root's of the christian faith. Is 2 Maccabees and the other Apocryha books part of the Jewish canon of scripture?

Peace,

Steven

Tim Layne said...

The Jewish TaNaK (this is the term used to describe the Jewish canon)is made of the same books that non-Jews call the Old Testament yet the arrangement is not the same. Books like Maccabees are considered Apocrypha by the Jewish tradition as well. The reason being is that after Ezra the spirit of prophecy (Ruach HaKadosh)left until the time of Mashiach